1. Convissar R, Hazelbaker A, Kaplan M, Vitruk P. Color Atlas of Infant Tongue-Tie and Lip-Tie Laser Frenectomy. PanSophia Press, 2017.
  2. Fabbie P, Kundel L, Vitruk P. Tongue-Tie Functional Release. Dent Sleep Practice. Winter 2016: 40-45.
  3. Vitruk, P. Laser use in scaling and root planing. JADA 2015 Dec;146(12):866.
  4. Vitruk P. Oral soft tissue laser ablative and coagulative efficiencies spectra. Implant Practice US. 2014;7(6):19-27.
  5. Vitruk P, Levine R. Hemostasis and Coagulation with Ablative Soft-Tissue Dental Lasers and Hot-Tip Devices. Inside Dentistry. 2016 Aug;12(8):37-42.
  6. Levine R, Vitruk P. Laser Mucocele Removal in Pediatric Patients. Dentaltown 2016 Sept;17(9):10-111.
  7. Levine R, Vitruk P. The Use of a 10,600-nm CO2 Laser Mandibular Vestibular Extension in a Patient with a Chromosomal Disorder. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2016 Sept;37(9):527-533.
  8. Cobb CM, Vitruk P. Effectiveness of a super-pulsed CO2 laser for removal of biofilm from three different types of implant surfaces: an in vitro study. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(3):20-28.
  9. Kaplan M, Hazelbaker AK, Vitruk P. Infant frenectomy with 10.6 micrometers dental CO2 laser. WAGD Newsletter. 2015 Apr;34:10-12.
  10. Krauser J, Vitruk P. The 10.6 µm SuperPulse CO2 laser may alleviate the late implant failure linked to tissue tension. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(5):30-35.
  11. Linden E, Vitruk P.  SuperPulse 10.6 µm CO2 laser-assisted, closed flap treatment of peri-implantitis. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(4):34-38.
  12. Kaplan M, Vitruk P. Soft tissue 10.6 micrometers CO2 laser orthodontic procedures. Orthodontic Practice US. 2015;6(6):53-57.
  13. Levine R, Vitruk P. Enhanced hemostasis and improved healing in CO2 laser-assisted soft tissue oral surgeries. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(3):34-37.
  14. Levine R, Vitruk P. Laser-assisted operculectomy. Compendium. 2015 Sep;36(8):561-567.
  15. Linden E, Vitruk P. Implant-safe settings for SuperPulse 10.6 micrometers CO2 laser-assisted, closed flap peri-implantitis treatment. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(6):26-28.
  16. Rosenlicht JL, Vitruk P. Ablation and sulcular debridement utilizing the CO2 laser for denture-induced gingival hyperplasia. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(2):34-37.
  17. Levine R, Vitruk P. CO2 Laser Ablation of the Capillary Hemangioma of the Lip. Updates in Clinical Dentistry. 2015;5.
  18. Levine R, Vitruk P. Laser-Assisted Removal of Irritation Fibroma. Global Laser Oral Health. 2014;11.
  19. Abt E, Wigdor HA, Lobraico R, Carlson B, et al. Removal of benign intraoral masses using the CO2 laser. JADA 1986;115(11):729-31.
  20. Azaz B, Regev E, Casap N, Chicin R. Sialolithectomy done with a CO2 laser: clinical and scintigraphic results. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1996 Jun;54(6):685-688; discussion 689.
  21. Bader G, Lejeune S: Prospective study of two retrograde endodontic apical preparations with and without the use of CO2 laser. Endod Dent Traumatol 1998; 14:75.
  22. Barone A, Covani U, Crespi R, et al. Root surface morphological changes after focused versus defocused CO2 laser irradiation: a scanning electron microscopy analysis. J Periodontol  2002;73:370-373.
  23. Bornstein MM, Altermatt HJ, Buser D. Pain control and management before and after therapy of oral pathogenic soft tissue lesions with the CO2 laser. Laser Zahnheilkunde, 3: 96-97, 2006.
  24. Carreira LM, Azevedo P, Comparison of the Influence of CO2-laser and Scalpel Skin Incisions on the Surgical Wound Healing Process. ARC Journal of Anesthesiology. 2016;1(3):1-8.
  25. Bornstein MM, Winzap-Kalin C, Cochran DL, Buser D. The CO2 laser for excisional biopsies of oral lesions: a case series study. Int J Periodont Restorative Dent 2005;25:221-229.
  26. Chee M, Sasaki C. Carbon dioxide laser fiber for the excision of oral leukoplakia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2013 Sep;122(9):547-9.
  27. Choi KH, Im SU, Kim CS, Choi SH, Kim CK. Effect of the carbon dioxide laser on the clinical parameters and crevicular IL-1beta when used as an adjunct to gingival flap surgery. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2004 Jan;6(1):29-36.
  28. Centty IG, Blank LW, Levy BA, et al. Carbon dioxide laser for de-epithelialization of periodontal flaps. J Periodontol 1997;68:763-769.
  29. Cockley, L. Tying It All Together: Diagnosis, Implications, and Treatment of Tethered Oral Tissue. Dental Academy of Continuing Education (2016): 1-8. Sept. 2016. Web. 31 Oct. 2016.
  30. Coluzzi DJ, Convissar RA. Atlas of laser applications in dentistry. Quintessence, Hanover Park, IL 2007.
  31. Convissar RA. Principles and Practice of Laser Dentistry. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier, 2011.
  32. Convissar RA. The top ten myths about CO2 lasers in dentistry. Dent Today 2009;28(4):68, 70, 72-6; quiz 77.
  33. Convissar RA, Diamond LB, Fazekas CD. Laser treatment of orthodontically induced gingival hyperplasia. Gen Dent 1996 Jan-Feb;44(1):47-51.
  34. Crespi R, Barone A, Covani U, et al. Effects of CO2 laser treatment on fibroblast attachment to root surfaces. A scanning electron microscopy analysis. J Periodontol 2002;73:1308-1312.
  35. Crespi R, Barone  A, Covani U, Romanos G. The outcome of CO2 laser root conditioning in periodontal treatment. May 2003;1248: 325-32.
  36. Crespi R, Covani U, Romanos G, et al. CO2 laser effects on root surfaces in periodontal treatment: case reports. J Oral Laser Applications 2004;4:109-117.
  37. De Arruda Paes-Junior TJ, Cavalcanti SC, Nascimento DF, Saavedra Gde S, Kimpara ET, Borges AL, Niccoli-Filho W, Komori PC. CO2 Laser Surgery and Prosthetic Management for the Treatment of Epulis FissuratumISRN Dent. 2011;2011:282361.
  38. Dederich DN. CO2 laser fusion of a vertical root fracture. J Am Dent Assoc. 1999 Aug;130(8):1195-9.
  39. Dederich DN, Pickard MA, Vaughn AS, Tulip J, Zakariasen KL. Comparative bactericidal exposures for selected oral bacteria using carbon dioxide laser radiation. Lasers Surg Med. 1990;10(6):591-4.
  40. De Freitas AC, Pinheiro AL, de Oliveira MG, Ramalho LM. Assessment of the behavior of myofibroblasts on scalpel and CO2 laser wounds: an immunohistochemical study in rats, J Clin Laser Med Serg 2002;20(4):221-225.
  41. Deppe H, Horch HH, Greim H, et al. Peri-implant care with the CO2 laser: In vitro and in vivo results. Med Laser Application 2005;20(1):61-70.
  42. Deppe H, Horch HH, Henke J, Donath K. Peri-implant care of ailing implants with the carbon dioxide laser. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2001; 16:659-667.
  43. Deppe H, Horch HH, Neff, A. Conventional versus CO2 laser-assisted treatment of peri-implant defects with the concomitant use of pure-phase-tricalcium phosphate: A 5-year clinical report. J Periodontol 2007;22:79–86.
  44. Esen E, Haytac MC, Oz IA, Erdoğan O, Karsli ED. Gingival melanin pigmentation and its treatment with the CO2 laser. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2004; 98(5):522-527.
  45. Esen E, Yoldas O, Kürkçü  MM., Doğan C, Seydaoğlu G. Apical Microleakage of Root-End Cavities Prepared by CO2 Laser Original Research Article. J of Endodontics 2004 Sep; 30(9): 662-664.
  46. Fiorotti RC, Bertolini MM, Nicola JH, Nicola EM. Early lingual frenectomy assisted by CO2 laser helps prevention and treatment of functional alterations caused by ankyloglossia. Int J Orofacial Myology 2004;30:64-71.
  47. Friedman S, Rotstain I, Mahamid A. In vivo efficacy of various retrofills and of CO2 laser in apical surgery. Endod Dent Traumatol 1991;7:19-25.
  48. Fuchs RJ. CO2 laser applications in dentistry: soft tissue surgery. March 28 1992.
  49. Fujiyama K, Deguchi T, Murakami T, Fujii A, Kushima K, Takano-Yamamoto T. Clinical effect of CO(2) laser in reducing pain in orthodontics. Angle Orthod. 2008 Mar;78(2):299-303.
  50. Gama S, de Araujo T, Pinheiro A. Benefits of the use of the CO2 laser in orthodontics. Lasers Med Sci 2008;23(4):459-465.
  51. Gama S, de Araujo T, Pozza D, Pinheiro A. Use of the CO2 laser on orthodontic patients suffering from gingival hyperplasia. Photomed Laser Surg 2007;25(3):214-129.
  52. Gaspar L, Szabo G. Removal of Epulis by CO2 laser. J Clin Laser Med Surg 2001;9(4):289-294.
  53. Gaspar L, Szabo G. The use of the CO2 laser in the therapy of leukoplakia. Laser Medicine and Surgery News and Advances. October 1989, 7(5): 27-31.
  54. Grzesiak-Janas G, Janas A. Lithiasis of salivary glands treated with a CO2 laser. Proc SPIE the international society for optical engineering Oct. 6 2003;5229:132-134.
  55. Guelmann M, Britto LR, Katz J. Cyclosporin-induced gingival overgrowth in a child treated with CO2 laser surgery: A case report. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2003;27:123-126.
  56. Haytac M, Ozcelik O. Evaluation of patient perceptions after frenectomy operations: a comparison of carbon dioxide laser and scalpel techniques. J Periodontol 2006;77(11):1815-1819.
  57. Horch HH, Gerlach KL, Schaefer HE. CO2 laser surgery of oral premalignant lesions, Int Oral Maxillofac Surg 1986;15(1):19-24.
  58. Hsu CY, Jordan TH, Dederich DN, Wefel JS. Effects of low-energy CO2 laser irradiation and the organic matrix on inhibition of enamel demineralization. J Dent Res. 2000 Sep;79(9):1725-30.
  59. Israel M. Current research using the CO2 laser in guided tissue regeneration: Clinical studies. Proceedings Second Annual Advanced Application Seminar, Luxar Corp, 1993.
  60. Israel M. Use of the CO2 laser in soft tissue and periodontal surgery. Pract Periodontics Aesthet Dent 1994;6:57-64.
  61. Israel M, Rossmann JA. An epithelial exclusion technique using the CO2 laser for the treatment of periodontal defects. Compend Contin Educ Dent 1998;19:86-95.
  62. Israel M, Rossmann JA, Froum SJ. Use of the carbon dioxide laser in retarding epithelial migration: a pilot histological human study utilizing case reports. J Periodontol 1995;66:197-204.
  63. Jerjes W, Hamdoon Z, Hopper C. CO2 lasers in the management of potentially malignant and malignant oral disorders. Head Neck Oncol 2012 Apr 30;4:17.
  64. Kato J, Wijeyeweera RL. The effect of CO2 laser irradiation on oral soft tissue problems in children in Sri Lanka. Photomed Laser Surg 2007;25:264-268.
  65. Kato T, Kusakari H, Hoshino E. Bactericidal efficacy of carbon dioxide laser against bacteria-contaminated titanium implant and subsequent cellular adhesion to irradiated area. Lasers Surg Med 1998;23:299–309.
  66. Kojima T, Shimada K, Iwasaki H, Ito K. Inhibitory effects of a super pulsed carbon dioxide laser at low energy density on periodontopathic bacteria and lipopolysaccharide in vitro. J Periodont Res 2005;40(6):469-473.
  67. Komori T, Yokoyama K, Takako T,Matsumoto K. Case reports of epulis treated by CO2 laser without anesthesia. J Clin Laser Med Surg 1996;14(4):189-191.
  68. Lambrecht TJ, Nyffler T, Linder M. Thermal conduction of titanium implants under CO2 laser irradiation: in vitro. Annals of Maxillofacial Surger 2012 Jan-Jun; 2(1): 12-16.
  69. Lambrecht TJ, Stübinger S, Hodel Y. CO2 laser therapy for intraoral hemangiomas. J Oral Laser Applications. 2004; 4(2):89-96.
  70. Lindenmüller IH, Noll P, Mameghani T, Walter C. CO2 laser-assisted treatment of a giant pyogenic granuloma. Int J Dent Hyg. 2010 Aug;8(3):249-52.
  71. Monteiro LS, Mouzinho J, Azevedo A, Câmara MI, Martins MA, La Fuente JM. Treatment of epulis fissuratum with carbon dioxide laser in a patient with antithrombotic medication. Rev Port Estomatol Med Dent Cir Maxilofac. 2011;52:165-9.
  72. Moritz A, Gutknecht N, Goharkhay K, et al. The carbon dioxide laser as an aid in Apicoectomy: an in vitro study. J Clin Laser Med Surg 1997;15(4):185-188.
  73. Moritz A, Schoop U, Goharkhay K, Sperr W. The CO2 laser as an aid in direct pulp capping. J Endod 1998;24:248-251.
  74. Moritz A, Schoop U, Goharkhay K, Sperr W. Advantages of a pulsed CO2 laser in direct pulp capping: A long-term in vivo study. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 1998;22(5): 288–293.
  75. Mullins SL, MacNeill SR, Rapley JW, Williams KB, Eick JD, Cobb CM. Subgingival microbiologic effects of one-time irradiation by CO2 laser: a pilot study. J Periodontol. 2007 Dec;78(12):2331-7.
  76. Namour S. Atlas of current oral laser surgery. Universal-Publishers, Boca Raton, FL 2011.
  77. Niccoli-Filho W,  Murilo-Santos L, Morosolli, A R C, et al. Surgical treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of tongue with carbon dioxide laser radiation (CO2). Journal of Laser Applications 2012; 24(1):012003.
  78. Nuntanaranont T, Thuaksuban N. The use of CO2 laser for treatment of salivary gland disease in seven cases. International Congress Series 2003;1248: 393–398.
  79. Obata A, Tsumura T, Niwa K, Ashizawa Y, Deguchi T, Ito M. Super pulse CO2 laser for bracket bonding and debondingEur J Orthod. 1999 Apr;21(2):193-8.
  80. Ogisu T, Suzuki M, Shinkai K, Katoh Y. Effect on pulp healing of CO2 laser irradiation and direct pulp capping with experimentally developed adhesive resin systems containing reparative dentin-promoting agents., J Oral Laser Appl 2008; 8: 257-273.
  81. Özbayrak S, Dumlu A, Ercalik-Yalcinkaya S. Treatment of melanin-pigmented gingiva and oral mucosa by CO2 laser. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path 2000;90:14-5.
  82. Nakamura Y, Hossain M, Hirayama K, Matsumoto K. A clinical study on the removal of gingival melanin pigmentation with the CO2 laser. Lasers Surg Med 1999;25:140-7.
  83. Pant V, Dixit J, Agrawal AK, et al. Behavior of human periodontal ligament cells on CO2 laser irradiated dental root surfaces: an in vitro study. J Periodontal Res 2004;39(6):373-379.
  84. Pecaro BC, Garehime WJ. The CO2 laser in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1983 Nov;41(11):725-8.
  85. Pescheck A, Pescheck B, Moritz A. Pulpotomy of primary molars with the use of a carbon dioxide laser: Results of a long-time in vivo study. J Oral Laser Appl 2002;2:165-169.
  86. Pick RM, Miserendino LJ. Lasers in dentistry: and overview. Laser Medicine & Surgery News and Advances. 1989; (June):33-42.
  87. Pick RM, Pecaro BC. Use of the CO2 laser in soft tissue dental surgery. Lasers Surg Med 1987;7:207-213.
  88. Pick RM, Pecaro BC, Silberman CJ. The laser gingivectomy. The use of the CO2 laser for the removal of phenytoin hyperplasia. J Periodontol 1985;56:492-496.
  89. Pick RM, Pogrel MA, Loh HS. Clinical applications of the CO2 laser. In: Miserendino LJ, Pick RM, editors. Lasers in dentistry. Chicago, Ill: Quintessence Publishing Co 1995; p. 145-60.
  90. Pogrel MA. The carbon dioxide laser in soft tissue preprosthetic surgery. J Prosthet Dent. 1989; 61:203-208.
  91. Powell GL, Morton TH, Larsen AE. Pulpal response to irradiation of enamel with continuous wave CO2 Laser. J Endodont 1989; 15: 581-583.
  92. Rodrigues LK, Nobre-dos-Santos M, Featherstone JD. In situ mineral loss inhibition by CO2 laser and fluoride. J Dent Res 2006;85:617-621.
  93. Romanos GE, Crespi R, Barone A, Covani U. Osteoblast attachment on titanium disks after laser irradiation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2006;21:232–236.
  94. Romanos GE, Ko HH, Froum S, Tarnow D. The use of CO2 laser in the treatment of peri-implantitis. Photomed Laser Surg 2009;27(3): 381-386.
  95. Romanos GE, Nentwig GH. Regenerative therapy of deep peri-implant infrabony defects after CO2 laser implant surface decontamination. Int J Periodont Restorative Dent 2008;28:245-255.
  96. Romanos GE, Purucker P, Bernimoulin J, Nentwig G. Bactericidal efficacy of CO2 laser against bacterially contaminated sandblasted titanium implants. J Oral Laser Applic 2002;2:171–174.
  97. Rossmann JA. Current research using the CO2 laser in guided tissue regeneration: Animal studies. Proceedings Second Annual Advanced Application Seminar, Luxar Corp, 1993.
  98. Rossmann JA, McQuade MJ, Turunen DE. Retardation of epithelial migration in monkeys using a carbon dioxide laser: an animal study. J Periodontol 1992;63:902-907.
  99. Rossmann JA, Parlar A, Abdel-Ghaffar KA, et al. Use of the carbon dioxide laser in guided tissue-regeneration wound healing in the beagle dog. Proc SPIE 1996;2672:52-61.
  100. Sharma S, Saimbi CS, Koirala B. Erosive oral lichen planus and its management: a case series. J Nepal Med Assoc 2008 Apr-Jun;47(170):86-90.
  101. Sharon-Buller A, Sela M. CO2-laser treatment of ulcerative lesions. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004 Mar;97(3):332-4.
  102. Steiner-Oliveira C, Rodrigues LK, Lima EB, Nobre-dos-Santos M. Effect of the CO2 laser combined with fluoridated products on the inhibition of enamel demineralization. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008;9:113-121.
  103. Stubinger S, Henke J, Donath K, Deppe H. Bone regeneration after peri-implant care with the CO2 laser: a fluorescence microscopy study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2005;20(2):203-210.
  104. Suter VG, Altermatt HJ, Sendi P, Mettraux G, Bornstein MM. CO2 and diode laser for excisional biopsies of oral mucosal lesions. A pilot study evaluating clinical and histopathological parameters. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2010;120(8):664-71.
  105. Tahib H, Ali TBT, Kamin S. Amlodipine-induced gingival overgrowth: a case report. Archives of Orofac Sci 2007; 2:61-64.
  106. Tepper SA, Zehnder M, Pajarola GF, Schmidlin PR. Increased fluoride uptake and acid resistance by CO2 laser irradiation through topically applied fluoride on human enamel in vitro. J Dent 2004;32:635-641.
  107. Vaderhobli RM, White JM, Le C, Ho S, Jordan R. In vitro study of the soft tissue effects of microsecond-pulsed CO(2) laser parameters during soft tissue incision and sulcular debridementLasers Surg Med. 2010 Mar;42(3):257-63.
  108. van der Hem PS, Eggs M, van der Wal JE, Roodenburg JL. CO2 laser evaporation of oral lichen planus. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;37:630-633.
  109. Walsh LJ. Pulpal temperature changes during low-power hard-tissue CO2 laser procedures. Braz Dent J. 1996;7(1):5-11.
  110. Walsh LJ. Utilization of a carbon dioxide laser for periodontal surgery: a three-year longitudinal study. Periodontol 2000. 1995;16(1):3-7.
  111. Wang X, Ishizaki NT, Matsumoto K. Healing process of skin after CO2 laser ablation at low irradiance: a comparison of continuous-wave and pulsed mode. Photomed Laser Surg 2005;23(1):20-26.
  112. Watson IA, Ward GD, Wang RK, Sharp JH, Budgett DM, Stewart-Tull DE, Wardlaw AC, Chatwin CR. Comparative bactericidal activities of lasers operating at seven different wavelengths. J Biomed Opt. 1996 Oct;1(4):466-72.
  113. Wilder-Smith P, Arrastia AM, Liaw LH, Berns M. Incision properties and thermal effects of three CO2 lasers in soft tissue. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1995; 79(6):685-91.
  114. Yagüe-García  J, España-Tost  AJ, Berini-Aytés L, Gay-Escoda C. Treatment of oral mucocele-scalpel versus CO2 laser. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009 Sep 1;14(9):e469-74.
  115. Yamaguchi H,  Kobayashi H, Nagano T, Shirakawa S, Gomi K, Hosoya N. Effects of carbon dioxide laser irradiation on human pulp fibroblasts. J of Hard Tissue Biology 2012;21(2): 109-112.
  116. Yamasaki A, Tamamura K, Sakurai Y, et al. Remodeling of the rat gingiva induced by CO2 laser coagulation mode. Lasers Surg Med 2008;40(10):695-703.
  117. Zakariasen KL, Boran T, MacDonald R. The emerging role for lasers in endodontics and other areas of dentistry. Alpha Omegan. 1990;83(4):65-67.