1. Kaplan M, Vitruk P. LightScalpel 10,600 nm CO2 Laser Procedures in Pediatric Patients. Dent Sleep Practice. Fall 2020:44-47.
  2. Glazkova A, Vitruk P. CO2 Laser Surgery Post-Operative Pain and Healing: A Partial Literature Review. Dent Sleep Practice. Winter 2019:28-34.
  3. Vitruk P. Hot Glass Tip Diode Frenectomies ARE NOT Laser Frenectomies. Dent Sleep Practice. Summer 2019:48-50.
  4. Vitruk P. ANSI Z136.3 Standard Doesn’t Cover Safe Removal of Laser Plume Dispersed by Water Spray. Dentistry Today. July 2020.
  5. Baxter R, Musso M, Hughes L, Lahey L, Fabbie P, Lovvorn M, Emanuel M, Agarwal R. Tongue-Tied: How a Tiny String Under the Tongue Impacts Nursing, Speech, Feeding, and More. Alabama Tongue-Tie Center. July 2018.
  6. Baxter R. Tongue-Ties and Sleep Issues (and More!). Dent Sleep Practice. Winter 2018:38-40.
  7. Mugno M, Erson T. A Team Approach to Functional Laser Frenuloplasty and Optimal Orofacial Function. Dent Sleep Practice. Fall 2019:48-52.
  8. Riek C, Bahnerth S, Vitruk P. CO2 Laser Functional Frenectomy. Dent Sleep Practice. Spring 2019:34-36.
  9. Baxter R, Merkel-Walsh R, Baxter BS, Lashley A, Rendell NR. Functional Improvements of Speech, Feeding, and Sleep After Lingual Frenectomy Tongue-Tie Release: A Prospective Cohort Study. Clinical Pediatrics. May 2020.
  10. Vitruk P. LightScalpel Functional Frenectomies and Frenuloplasties: A Partial Literature Review. Dent Sleep Practice. Winter 2020:48-50.
  11. Siegel SA. Aerophagia Induced Reflux in Breastfeeding Infants With Ankyloglossia and Shortened Maxillary Labial Frenula (Tongue and Lip Tie). Int J Clin Pediatr. 2016;5(1):6-8.
  12. Wuertz K, Pettus B. The Importance of Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy Before and After CO2 Laser Frenectomy in Achieving Optimal Orofacial Function. Dent Sleep Practice. Fall 2018:40-42.
  13. Baxter R, Hughes L. Speech and Feeding Improvements in Children After Posterior Tongue-Tie Release: A Case Series. International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics [Online]. June 2018.
  14. Vitruk P. Laser physics and equipment. In: Winkler CJ, ed. Laser Surgery in Veterinary Medicine. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell; 2019:3-13.
  15. Vitruk P. The ideal laser scalpel. In: Winkler CJ, ed. Laser Surgery in Veterinary Medicine. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell; 2019:32-41.
  16. Batoon D. The Dentist’s Journey With a Sleepy, Tired Child. Dentistry Today. September 2023:72-76.
  17. Sutter B. Identification and Laser Eradication of Oral Cavity Spirochetes. Case Study. JALSC. April 2018;1(1): 4-13.
  18. Chang J. Surgical Glue Dressing Usage During Post-Frenectomy Second Intention Wound Healing. JALSC. April 2018;1(1): 22-27.
  19. Geis M, Kundel L, Vitruk P. Functional Frenectomy (Osteopathically Guided). Dent Sleep Practice. Summer 2018:30-32.
  20. Riek C, Vitruk P. Incision and Coagulation/Hemostasis Depth Control During a CO2 Laser Lingual Frenectomy. Dent Sleep Practice. Spring 2018:32-38.
  21. Winter R. Implant Reconstruction: Biological, Aesthetic, and Emotional Considerations. Dentistry Today. 2019 April:72-77.
  22. Winter R. Managing an Atrophic Mandible With Short Implants. Dentistry Today. 2018 November:102-107.
  23. Winter R. Practical Laser Applications in General Practice. Dentistry Today. 2017 June;17(6):78-83.
  24. Wuertz K, Vitruk P. Superpulse 10,600 nm CO2 Laser Revision of Lingual Frenum Previously Released with a Diode Hot Glass Tip. Dent Sleep Practice. Winter 2017:40-42.
  25. Kaplan M, Vitruk P. 10,600-nm CO2 Laser Frenectomies in Pediatric Patients. Dent Sleep Practice. Fall 2017:40-42.
  26. Vitruk P. Laser Education, Science and Safety – A review of dental laser education standards. Dentaltown. 2017 June;17(6):62-67.
  27. Fabbie P, Kundel L, Vitruk P. Tongue-Tie Functional Release. Dent Sleep Practice. Winter 2016: 40-45.
  28. Vitruk P. Laser use in scaling and root planing. JADA 2015 Dec;146(12):866.
  29. Vitruk P. Oral soft tissue laser ablative and coagulative efficiencies spectra. Implant Practice US. 2014;7(6):19-27.
  30. Vitruk P, Levine R. Hemostasis and Coagulation with Ablative Soft-Tissue Dental Lasers and Hot-Tip Devices. Inside Dentistry. 2016 Aug;12(8):37-42.
  31. Levine R, Vitruk P. Laser Mucocele Removal in Pediatric Patients. Dentaltown 2016 Sept;17(9):10-111.
  32. Levine R, Vitruk P. The Use of a 10,600-nm CO2 Laser Mandibular Vestibular Extension in a Patient with a Chromosomal Disorder. Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2016 Sept;37(9):527-533.
  33. Cobb CM, Vitruk P. Effectiveness of a super-pulsed CO2 laser for removal of biofilm from three different types of implant surfaces: an in vitro study. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(3):20-28.
  34. Kaplan M, Hazelbaker AK, Vitruk P. Infant frenectomy with 10.6 micrometers dental CO2 laser. WAGD Newsletter. 2015 Apr;34:10-12.
  35. Krauser J, Vitruk P. The 10.6 µm SuperPulse CO2 laser may alleviate the late implant failure linked to tissue tension. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(5):30-35.
  36. Linden E, Vitruk P.  SuperPulse 10.6 µm CO2 laser-assisted, closed flap treatment of peri-implantitis. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(4):34-38.
  37. Kaplan M, Vitruk P. Soft tissue 10.6 micrometers CO2 laser orthodontic procedures. Orthodontic Practice US. 2015;6(6):53-57.
  38. Levine R, Vitruk P. Enhanced hemostasis and improved healing in CO2 laser-assisted soft tissue oral surgeries. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(3):34-37.
  39. Levine R, Vitruk P. Laser-assisted operculectomy. Compendium. 2015 Sep;36(8):561-567.
  40. Linden E, Vitruk P. Implant-safe settings for SuperPulse 10.6 micrometers CO2 laser-assisted, closed flap peri-implantitis treatment. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(6):26-28.
  41. Rosenlicht JL, Vitruk P. Ablation and sulcular debridement utilizing the CO2 laser for denture-induced gingival hyperplasia. Implant Practice US. 2015;8(2):34-37.
  42. Levine R, Vitruk P. Laser-Assisted Removal of Irritation Fibroma. Global Laser Oral Health. 2014;11.
  43. Nicholson C, Nordquist W. Restoration of Severely Atrophic Jaws. Dentistry Today. 2015 Apr;34(4):100-5.
  44. Abt E, Wigdor HA, Lobraico R, Carlson B, et al. Removal of benign intraoral masses using the CO2 laser. JADA 1986;115(11):729-31.
  45. Azaz B, Regev E, Casap N, Chicin R. Sialolithectomy done with a CO2 laser: clinical and scintigraphic results. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1996 Jun;54(6):685-688; discussion 689.
  46. Barone A, Covani U, Crespi R, et al. Root surface morphological changes after focused versus defocused CO2 laser irradiation: a scanning electron microscopy analysis. J Periodontol  2002;73:370-373.
  47. Bornstein MM, Altermatt HJ, Buser D. Pain control and management before and after therapy of oral pathogenic soft tissue lesions with the CO2 laser. Laser Zahnheilkunde, 3: 96-97, 2006.
  48. Carreira LM, Azevedo P, Comparison of the Influence of CO2-laser and Scalpel Skin Incisions on the Surgical Wound Healing Process. ARC Journal of Anesthesiology. 2016;1(3):1-8.
  49. Bornstein MM, Winzap-Kalin C, Cochran DL, Buser D. The CO2 laser for excisional biopsies of oral lesions: a case series study. Int J Periodont Restorative Dent 2005;25:221-229.
  50. Chee M, Sasaki C. Carbon dioxide laser fiber for the excision of oral leukoplakia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2013 Sep;122(9):547-9.
  51. Choi KH, Im SU, Kim CS, Choi SH, Kim CK. Effect of the carbon dioxide laser on the clinical parameters and crevicular IL-1beta when used as an adjunct to gingival flap surgery. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2004 Jan;6(1):29-36.
  52. Centty IG, Blank LW, Levy BA, et al. Carbon dioxide laser for de-epithelialization of periodontal flaps. J Periodontol 1997;68:763-769.
  53. Crespi R, Barone A, Covani U, et al. Effects of CO2 laser treatment on fibroblast attachment to root surfaces. A scanning electron microscopy analysis. J Periodontol 2002;73:1308-1312.
  54. Crespi R, Barone  A, Covani U, Romanos G. The outcome of CO2 laser root conditioning in periodontal treatment. May 2003;1248: 325-32.
  55. Crespi R, Covani U, Romanos G, et al. CO2 laser effects on root surfaces in periodontal treatment: case reports. J Oral Laser Applications 2004;4:109-117.
  56. De Arruda Paes-Junior TJ, Cavalcanti SC, Nascimento DF, Saavedra Gde S, Kimpara ET, Borges AL, Niccoli-Filho W, Komori PC. CO2 Laser Surgery and Prosthetic Management for the Treatment of Epulis FissuratumISRN Dent. 2011;2011:282361.
  57. Dederich DN. CO2 laser fusion of a vertical root fracture. J Am Dent Assoc. 1999 Aug;130(8):1195-9.
  58. Dederich DN, Pickard MA, Vaughn AS, Tulip J, Zakariasen KL. Comparative bactericidal exposures for selected oral bacteria using carbon dioxide laser radiation. Lasers Surg Med. 1990;10(6):591-4.
  59. De Freitas AC, Pinheiro AL, de Oliveira MG, Ramalho LM. Assessment of the behavior of myofibroblasts on scalpel and CO2 laser wounds: an immunohistochemical study in rats, J Clin Laser Med Serg 2002;20(4):221-225.
  60. Deppe H, Horch HH, Greim H, et al. Peri-implant care with the CO2 laser: In vitro and in vivo results. Med Laser Application 2005;20(1):61-70.
  61. Deppe H, Horch HH, Henke J, Donath K. Peri-implant care of ailing implants with the carbon dioxide laser. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2001; 16:659-667.
  62. Deppe H, Horch HH, Neff, A. Conventional versus CO2 laser-assisted treatment of peri-implant defects with the concomitant use of pure-phase-tricalcium phosphate: A 5-year clinical report. J Periodontol 2007;22:79–86.
  63. Esen E, Haytac MC, Oz IA, Erdoğan O, Karsli ED. Gingival melanin pigmentation and its treatment with the CO2 laser. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2004; 98(5):522-527.
  64. Esen E, Yoldas O, Kürkçü  MM., Doğan C, Seydaoğlu G. Apical Microleakage of Root-End Cavities Prepared by CO2 Laser Original Research Article. J of Endodontics 2004 Sep; 30(9): 662-664.
  65. Fiorotti RC, Bertolini MM, Nicola JH, Nicola EM. Early lingual frenectomy assisted by CO2 laser helps prevention and treatment of functional alterations caused by ankyloglossia. Int J Orofacial Myology 2004;30:64-71.
  66. Friedman S, Rotstain I, Mahamid A. In vivo efficacy of various retrofills and of CO2 laser in apical surgery. Endod Dent Traumatol 1991;7:19-25.
  67. Fuchs RJ. CO2 laser applications in dentistry: soft tissue surgery. March 28 1992.
  68. Fujiyama K, Deguchi T, Murakami T, Fujii A, Kushima K, Takano-Yamamoto T. Clinical effect of CO(2) laser in reducing pain in orthodontics. Angle Orthod. 2008 Mar;78(2):299-303.
  69. Gama S, de Araujo T, Pinheiro A. Benefits of the use of the CO2 laser in orthodontics. Lasers Med Sci 2008;23(4):459-465.
  70. Gama S, de Araujo T, Pozza D, Pinheiro A. Use of the CO2 laser on orthodontic patients suffering from gingival hyperplasia. Photomed Laser Surg 2007;25(3):214-129.
  71. Gaspar L, Szabo G. Removal of Epulis by CO2 laser. J Clin Laser Med Surg 2001;9(4):289-294.
  72. Gaspar L, Szabo G. The use of the CO2 laser in the therapy of leukoplakia. Laser Medicine and Surgery News and Advances. October 1989, 7(5): 27-31.
  73. Grzesiak-Janas G, Janas A. Lithiasis of salivary glands treated with a CO2 laser. Proc SPIE the international society for optical engineering Oct. 6 2003;5229:132-134.
  74. Guelmann M, Britto LR, Katz J. Cyclosporin-induced gingival overgrowth in a child treated with CO2 laser surgery: A case report. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2003;27:123-126.
  75. Haytac M, Ozcelik O. Evaluation of patient perceptions after frenectomy operations: a comparison of carbon dioxide laser and scalpel techniques. J Periodontol 2006;77(11):1815-1819.
  76. Horch HH, Gerlach KL, Schaefer HE. CO2 laser surgery of oral premalignant lesions, Int Oral Maxillofac Surg 1986;15(1):19-24.
  77. Hsu CY, Jordan TH, Dederich DN, Wefel JS. Effects of low-energy CO2 laser irradiation and the organic matrix on inhibition of enamel demineralization. J Dent Res. 2000 Sep;79(9):1725-30.
  78. Israel M. Current research using the CO2 laser in guided tissue regeneration: Clinical studies. Proceedings Second Annual Advanced Application Seminar, Luxar Corp, 1993.
  79. Israel M. Use of the CO2 laser in soft tissue and periodontal surgery. Pract Periodontics Aesthet Dent 1994;6:57-64.
  80. Israel M, Rossmann JA. An epithelial exclusion technique using the CO2 laser for the treatment of periodontal defects. Compend Contin Educ Dent 1998;19:86-95.
  81. Israel M, Rossmann JA, Froum SJ. Use of the carbon dioxide laser in retarding epithelial migration: a pilot histological human study utilizing case reports. J Periodontol 1995;66:197-204.
  82. Jerjes W, Hamdoon Z, Hopper C. CO2 lasers in the management of potentially malignant and malignant oral disorders. Head Neck Oncol 2012 Apr 30;4:17.
  83. Kato J, Wijeyeweera RL. The effect of CO2 laser irradiation on oral soft tissue problems in children in Sri Lanka. Photomed Laser Surg 2007;25:264-268.
  84. Kato T, Kusakari H, Hoshino E. Bactericidal efficacy of carbon dioxide laser against bacteria-contaminated titanium implant and subsequent cellular adhesion to irradiated area. Lasers Surg Med 1998;23:299–309.
  85. Kojima T, Shimada K, Iwasaki H, Ito K. Inhibitory effects of a super pulsed carbon dioxide laser at low energy density on periodontopathic bacteria and lipopolysaccharide in vitro. J Periodont Res 2005;40(6):469-473.
  86. Komori T, Yokoyama K, Takako T,Matsumoto K. Case reports of epulis treated by CO2 laser without anesthesia. J Clin Laser Med Surg 1996;14(4):189-191.
  87. Lambrecht TJ, Nyffler T, Linder M. Thermal conduction of titanium implants under CO2 laser irradiation: in vitro. Annals of Maxillofacial Surger 2012 Jan-Jun; 2(1): 12-16.
  88. Lindenmüller IH, Noll P, Mameghani T, Walter C. CO2 laser-assisted treatment of a giant pyogenic granuloma. Int J Dent Hyg. 2010 Aug;8(3):249-52.
  89. Monteiro LS, Mouzinho J, Azevedo A, Câmara MI, Martins MA, La Fuente JM. Treatment of epulis fissuratum with carbon dioxide laser in a patient with antithrombotic medication. Rev Port Estomatol Med Dent Cir Maxilofac. 2011;52:165-9.
  90. Moritz A, Gutknecht N, Goharkhay K, et al. The carbon dioxide laser as an aid in Apicoectomy: an in vitro study. J Clin Laser Med Surg 1997;15(4):185-188.
  91. Moritz A, Schoop U, Goharkhay K, Sperr W. The CO2 laser as an aid in direct pulp capping. J Endod 1998;24:248-251.
  92. Moritz A, Schoop U, Goharkhay K, Sperr W. Advantages of a pulsed CO2 laser in direct pulp capping: A long-term in vivo study. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 1998;22(5): 288–293.
  93. Mullins SL, MacNeill SR, Rapley JW, Williams KB, Eick JD, Cobb CM. Subgingival microbiologic effects of one-time irradiation by CO2 laser: a pilot study. J Periodontol. 2007 Dec;78(12):2331-7.
  94. Namour S. Atlas of current oral laser surgery. Universal-Publishers, Boca Raton, FL 2011.
  95. Niccoli-Filho W,  Murilo-Santos L, Morosolli, A R C, et al. Surgical treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of tongue with carbon dioxide laser radiation (CO2). Journal of Laser Applications 2012; 24(1):012003.
  96. Nuntanaranont T, Thuaksuban N. The use of CO2 laser for treatment of salivary gland disease in seven cases. International Congress Series 2003;1248: 393–398.
  97. Obata A, Tsumura T, Niwa K, Ashizawa Y, Deguchi T, Ito M. Super pulse CO2 laser for bracket bonding and debondingEur J Orthod. 1999 Apr;21(2):193-8.
  98. Ogisu T, Suzuki M, Shinkai K, Katoh Y. Effect on pulp healing of CO2 laser irradiation and direct pulp capping with experimentally developed adhesive resin systems containing reparative dentin-promoting agents., J Oral Laser Appl 2008; 8: 257-273.
  99. Özbayrak S, Dumlu A, Ercalik-Yalcinkaya S. Treatment of melanin-pigmented gingiva and oral mucosa by CO2 laser. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path 2000;90:14-5.
  100. Nakamura Y, Hossain M, Hirayama K, Matsumoto K. A clinical study on the removal of gingival melanin pigmentation with the CO2 laser. Lasers Surg Med 1999;25:140-7.
  101. Pant V, Dixit J, Agrawal AK, et al. Behavior of human periodontal ligament cells on CO2 laser irradiated dental root surfaces: an in vitro study. J Periodontal Res 2004;39(6):373-379.
  102. Pecaro BC, Garehime WJ. The CO2 laser in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1983 Nov;41(11):725-8.
  103. Pescheck A, Pescheck B, Moritz A. Pulpotomy of primary molars with the use of a carbon dioxide laser: Results of a long-time in vivo study. J Oral Laser Appl 2002;2:165-169.
  104. Pick RM, Miserendino LJ. Lasers in dentistry: and overview. Laser Medicine & Surgery News and Advances. 1989; (June):33-42.
  105. Pick RM, Pecaro BC. Use of the CO2 laser in soft tissue dental surgery. Lasers Surg Med 1987;7:207-213.
  106. Pick RM, Pecaro BC, Silberman CJ. The laser gingivectomy. The use of the CO2 laser for the removal of phenytoin hyperplasia. J Periodontol 1985;56:492-496.
  107. Pick RM, Pogrel MA, Loh HS. Clinical applications of the CO2 laser. In: Miserendino LJ, Pick RM, editors. Lasers in dentistry. Chicago, Ill: Quintessence Publishing Co 1995; p. 145-60.
  108. Pogrel MA. The carbon dioxide laser in soft tissue preprosthetic surgery. J Prosthet Dent. 1989; 61:203-208.
  109. Powell GL, Morton TH, Larsen AE. Pulpal response to irradiation of enamel with continuous wave CO2 Laser. J Endodont 1989; 15: 581-583.
  110. Rodrigues LK, Nobre-dos-Santos M, Featherstone JD. In situ mineral loss inhibition by CO2 laser and fluoride. J Dent Res 2006;85:617-621.
  111. Romanos GE, Crespi R, Barone A, Covani U. Osteoblast attachment on titanium disks after laser irradiation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2006;21:232–236.
  112. Romanos GE, Ko HH, Froum S, Tarnow D. The use of CO2 laser in the treatment of peri-implantitis. Photomed Laser Surg 2009;27(3): 381-386.
  113. Romanos GE, Nentwig GH. Regenerative therapy of deep peri-implant infrabony defects after CO2 laser implant surface decontamination. Int J Periodont Restorative Dent 2008;28:245-255.
  114. Romanos GE, Purucker P, Bernimoulin J, Nentwig G. Bactericidal efficacy of CO2 laser against bacterially contaminated sandblasted titanium implants. J Oral Laser Applic 2002;2:171–174.
  115. Rossmann JA. Current research using the CO2 laser in guided tissue regeneration: Animal studies. Proceedings Second Annual Advanced Application Seminar, Luxar Corp, 1993.
  116. Rossmann JA, McQuade MJ, Turunen DE. Retardation of epithelial migration in monkeys using a carbon dioxide laser: an animal study. J Periodontol 1992;63:902-907.
  117. Rossmann JA, Parlar A, Abdel-Ghaffar KA, et al. Use of the carbon dioxide laser in guided tissue-regeneration wound healing in the beagle dog. Proc SPIE 1996;2672:52-61.
  118. Sharma S, Saimbi CS, Koirala B. Erosive oral lichen planus and its management: a case series. J Nepal Med Assoc 2008 Apr-Jun;47(170):86-90.
  119. Sharon-Buller A, Sela M. CO2-laser treatment of ulcerative lesions. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004 Mar;97(3):332-4.
  120. Steiner-Oliveira C, Rodrigues LK, Lima EB, Nobre-dos-Santos M. Effect of the CO2 laser combined with fluoridated products on the inhibition of enamel demineralization. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008;9:113-121.
  121. Stubinger S, Henke J, Donath K, Deppe H. Bone regeneration after peri-implant care with the CO2 laser: a fluorescence microscopy study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2005;20(2):203-210.
  122. Suter VG, Altermatt HJ, Sendi P, Mettraux G, Bornstein MM. CO2 and diode laser for excisional biopsies of oral mucosal lesions. A pilot study evaluating clinical and histopathological parameters. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2010;120(8):664-71.
  123. Tahib H, Ali TBT, Kamin S. Amlodipine-induced gingival overgrowth: a case report. Archives of Orofac Sci 2007; 2:61-64.
  124. Tepper SA, Zehnder M, Pajarola GF, Schmidlin PR. Increased fluoride uptake and acid resistance by CO2 laser irradiation through topically applied fluoride on human enamel in vitro. J Dent 2004;32:635-641.
  125. Vaderhobli RM, White JM, Le C, Ho S, Jordan R. In vitro study of the soft tissue effects of microsecond-pulsed CO(2) laser parameters during soft tissue incision and sulcular debridementLasers Surg Med. 2010 Mar;42(3):257-63.
  126. van der Hem PS, Eggs M, van der Wal JE, Roodenburg JL. CO2 laser evaporation of oral lichen planus. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;37:630-633.
  127. Walsh LJ. Pulpal temperature changes during low-power hard-tissue CO2 laser procedures. Braz Dent J. 1996;7(1):5-11.
  128. Vilar-Villanueva M, Somoza-Martín JM, Blanco-Carrión A, et al. Importance of the vaporization margin during CO2 laser treatment of oral leukoplakia: A survival study. Oral Dis. 2023;29(7):2689-2695. doi:10.1111/odi.14345
  129. Walsh LJ. Utilization of a carbon dioxide laser for periodontal surgery: a three-year longitudinal study. Periodontol 2000. 1995;16(1):3-7.
  130. Wang X, Ishizaki NT, Matsumoto K. Healing process of skin after CO2 laser ablation at low irradiance: a comparison of continuous-wave and pulsed mode. Photomed Laser Surg 2005;23(1):20-26.
  131. Watson IA, Ward GD, Wang RK, Sharp JH, Budgett DM, Stewart-Tull DE, Wardlaw AC, Chatwin CR. Comparative bactericidal activities of lasers operating at seven different wavelengths. J Biomed Opt. 1996 Oct;1(4):466-72.
  132. Wilder-Smith P, Arrastia AM, Liaw LH, Berns M. Incision properties and thermal effects of three CO2 lasers in soft tissue. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1995; 79(6):685-91.
  133. Yagüe-García  J, España-Tost  AJ, Berini-Aytés L, Gay-Escoda C. Treatment of oral mucocele-scalpel versus CO2 laser. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2009 Sep 1;14(9):e469-74.
  134. Yamaguchi H,  Kobayashi H, Nagano T, Shirakawa S, Gomi K, Hosoya N. Effects of carbon dioxide laser irradiation on human pulp fibroblasts. J of Hard Tissue Biology 2012;21(2): 109-112.
  135. Yamasaki A, Tamamura K, Sakurai Y, et al. Remodeling of the rat gingiva induced by CO2 laser coagulation mode. Lasers Surg Med 2008;40(10):695-703.
  136. Zakariasen KL, Boran T, MacDonald R. The emerging role for lasers in endodontics and other areas of dentistry. Alpha Omegan. 1990;83(4):65-67.